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Amino acids are compounds that are the building blocks for all proteins in the body. Their role in the human body is invaluable. They belong to organic compounds. Protein amino acids, i.e., those included in the construction of proteins, are 20, and non-protein amino acids – performing other functions – more than 300!
Division of amino acids
Amino acids can be divided into several groups. The most popular is the synthesis criterion by the body, according to which we distinguish essential amino acids and endogenous amino acids.
The first of them are amino acids, which are necessary for the functioning of the human body. Still, it is not able to produce them. They include, among others, histidine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine.
Endogenous amino acids are not necessary for the functioning of the human body, which can produce them on its own. Among them, we can find alanine, aspartic acid, asparagine, glutamic acid, or serine. When talking about this division of amino acids, it is impossible not to mention the conditionally essential amino acids.
The body can produce them if only it has sufficient quantities of other amino acids necessary for their production. Conditionally essential amino acids include arginine, cysteine, glutamine, glycine, proline, and tyrosine.
The role of amino acids and how the human body functions
Amino acids are essential for the proper functioning of the body. This is an undeniable fact. Among other things, they are responsible for the hormonal economy, are components of the production of body fluids, affect faster cell regeneration, take part in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats.
Moreover, when the body is subjected to intensive physical effort, amino acids are transformed into a source of energy and are the building material for muscles. To better understand the enormous role amino acids play in the functioning of the human body, it is worth mentioning a few examples.
Lysine, for example, strengthens the immune system and has a strong antiviral effect. A similar product has methionine, which also affects the production of growth hormones. In turn, leucine lowers the level of cortisol in the body and affects the faster growth of muscle mass.
Likewise, isoleucine strengthens and builds muscle tissue. Finally, we can’t forget to mention valine, which is extremely important for reducing fat mass. So it is safe to say that muscle mass has better conditions to grow when it comes to athletes if only the correct amino acid supplements are taken.
Amino acids influence healthy sleep, carbohydrate appetite, muscle pain, human mood, functioning of the endocrine system, prevention of disease development, and anxiety. So, using the examples above, it is safe to say that amino acids are essential in a healthy person’s diet.
Amino acids and their importance for athletes
Every physical effort requires a person to provide additional energy for the body. However, it is also important to remember that the supply of building material is equally important.
Not everyone knows that every strength training causes the so-called basic breakdown of muscle proteins. Therefore, to speed up the regeneration of muscle cells damaged due to intensive training, you need to provide them with suitable amino acids. You can find them in specialist sports supplements available on our website.
Amino acids deserve special attention among athletes. They should find a special place in the post-workout diet. They help reduce the feeling of fatigue after training and prevent fatigue in the body. Taking the suitable amino acids reduces the feeling of sleepiness and fatigue.
It also helps maintain blood glucose levels at an appropriate and constant level. Interestingly, some studies have proven that taking one of the amino acids – leucine – stimulates protein synthesis in the body, which impacts increasing lean muscle mass.
How can amino acids be supplied to the body?
It is worth remembering that suitable amino acids can be supplied to the body with the help of a balanced diet. The most crucial amino acids for the body can be found in milk, almonds, flaxseed, or sesame. However, their amount in food is sometimes insufficient, especially for people who train frequently and intensively.
Fortunately, there are many preparations available on the market for sports supplements that contain amino acids in their composition. Supplements rich in amino acids can be found in tablets, powder for suspension, and various types of liquids. Every athlete can choose the form of taking supplements that suits him best.
Which amino acid supplements are the best to choose?
Regardless of the product you choose, it is essential to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations. On the package of each product available in our Cross The Limits store, you will find instructions on the best way to take effect. Most supplements of this type are taken in the morning and before and after training.
The morning dose of amino acids is essential. The body has not been supplied with nutrients during the night’s rest period. By taking amino acids then, you can prevent the breakdown of muscle tissue. It is equally important to take amino acids after training to help the body regenerate faster and feel better.
In conclusion, people who engage in intensive sports have an increased need for protein. During intensive exercise, muscle micro-damage occurs, which needs to be rebuilt and regenerated. Therefore it is essential to provide adequate amino acids.
Protein deficits must be prevented, preferably with the help of suitable, top-quality supplements. However, the demand for amino acids depends on such factors as the sports discipline practiced, the duration of the training, the intensity of effort, and the athlete’s daily diet. The age, gender, and health condition of the person taking the supplementation are also important.
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